Baking

Cheese Souffle

Submitted by Russian_Cuisine on Sun, 01/13/2013 - 11:40.

Ingredients:

3 tbsp all-purpose flour
3 tbsp butter or margarine, unsalted
1 cup warm milk
4 eggs, separated to egg whites and yolks
1 cup crumbled cheese (feta, ricotta, tvorog)
2 egg whites
1/4 tsp cream of tartar
1/4 tsp nutmeg, or 1 tbsp chopped mint, or dill greens

Note: Eggs should be warmed to a room temperature.

Method:

Put the butter or margarine in a heavy pan, melt on a very low heating, and stir-in the cheese.

Continue heating, stirring constantly, until the mix bubbles.

Remove heating, add the milk, and stir until smooth.

Turn heating to medium, and bring the pan contents to boil stirring.

Add the ground nutmeg or chopped green, stirring, and remove pan from heating.

Cool the mix slightly, and all the egg yolks, beating steadily, on at a time.

Stir-in the cheese, and set aside.

Beat the egg whites with the cream of tartar until a mild peaks consistency.

Stir-in 3 tbsp into a cheese mixture, then stir-in the remaining beaten egg whites carefully.

Pre-heat an oven to 400 F (220 C).

Butter a large souffle dish, and pour the mix into it.

Bake for about 25 minutes on a baking sheet in the center of oven. Do not open oven while baking!

Serve immediately.

Note: You can substitute feta cheese with hard Ricotta or tvorog.

Potato Éclairs

Submitted by Nobility_Cuisine on Sat, 11/17/2012 - 14:52.

Ingredients:

2 large potatoes
3 eggs
3.5 fl.oz (100 ml) milk
3.5 oz (100 g) all purpose flour
1 tsp salt
2 medium potatoes
Greens on your taste

For the caviar spread:

2 oz (60 g) butter, or whipped cream cheese, or whipped sour cream, or whipping cream

1.5 tbsp red caviar

Method:

Boil or microwave the potatoes, then peel them, and make a puree.

Bring the milk to boil.

Add the butter and salt to the boiling milk, stir.

Remove heating when the mix starts to boil.

Add the flour, stirring constantly until an even consistency is reached.

Then, place on the small heating, continuing stirring, until you get a dough ball.

Turn heating off, and add the potato puree. Stir well.

Add the eggs, stirring well after adding each egg.

Pre-heat an oven to 400 F (200 C).

Cover a baking sheet with a piece of parchment paper.

Shape the éclairs as thin strips on the paper.

Bake for about 15 minutes.

Then, lower heating to 380 F (180 C), and bake for 10 more minutes.

Fill the eclairs with the caviar spread, a piece of tomato, and a pinch of chopped greens.

Serve warm or cold.

To make the caviar spread, whip 2 oz warm butter (or alternative).

Make a puree from 1.5 tbsp red caviar.

Whip the butter and caviar together.

Kulebyaka

Submitted by Russian_Cuisine on Sat, 11/17/2012 - 14:34.

Note:
The weight of dough should be a third of the weight of filling(s).
Different fillings are separated in layers by blinis (crepes).

Kulebyaka's shape is a long thin rectangle.
When you cut this rectangle into portions, each portion should include each kind of filling.

One of the fillings is considered the main one, and decides the pie's name: it can be meat(s), in which case the name is meat kulebyaka. It can be fish, then it's fish kulebyaka, mushrooms for mushroom kulebyaka, etc.

This is a very old Russian pie, and its name comes from the old Russian expression “to knead dough”.

It's made with fermented dough, with several layers of varying fillings, either by themselves or mixed together with meat, fish, viziga (a part of sturgeon that goes along the spine), mushrooms, porridge of various kinds of grain, onions, hardboiled eggs, etc. Generally, a kulebyaka is a closed pie with multiple fillings in the pie in layers separated by crepes.

The elongated shape was purposeful, to ensure thorough cooking of all the ingredients, as well as the assurance that, should a slice be traded, each slice will contain a hearty portion of the fillings.

In Moscow, kulebyaki (plural of kulebyaka in Russian) were famed not just for the fillings, but also for their shapes and variety of form. The pies were made closed, open, half-open, multilayered, and even very tall. There was even a special kind, called hlebalny, which had liquid fillings, and was served open with spoons like a bread bowl.

The dough should be stretchy and springy, akin to pizza dough, so the main filling didn't start entering the other layers, nor began to seep into the pie crust. It can be porous or solid, with or without butter, and with milk or meat bouillon added.

It's rolled so that, once cooked it's only 1/3” (1 cm) thick. Once the rectangular dough is rolled, the fillings are added in layers, and afterwards the dough is pinched lengthwise along the top, then flipped. Prior to baking, eggs, sour cream or butter should be smeared on the outside of the pie, and the pie should be poked through in a few spots to allow release of pressure before going into the oven.

Kulebyaki became popularized in the 19th century when French chefs and confectioners who had made it in Russia brought their own spin to the recipe, with a lighter, “French dough” and new fillings like sturgeon, salmon, rice, champignons, and wild game. At the same time, the recipe's traditional Russian cooking steps were respected, ensuring they were and remain kulebyaki.

In Russia, kulebyaki were served at the table after the soup, but before the main dish and desserts.

Traditional ingredients for the dough:

2 lb (900 g) all-purpose flour
1 pack (20 g) fresh yeast, or 1 pack fast dry yeast
1 cup lukewarm water or milk
1 tbsp cleared butter (ghee)
2 eggs
1 tsp sugar
1/2 tsp salt
1 cup beef broth (optional)

Method:

Dissolve the yeast in water or milk.

Put 1 cup flour in a high sauce-pan.
Pour the yeast mixture into the sauce-pan, and stir well.

You should to get a thin dough of a sour cream consistency.

Cover the sauce-pan with a piece of clean fabric, and set in a warm place for 1.5 hours, until it's grown twice the original size or bigger.

Then, add 1/2 tsp salt, 1 tsp sugar, 1 egg yolk, and 1/2 tbsp cleared butter, and stir well.

Add the flour in small portions, while kneading.

Knead very well, until you get a thick dough that isn't sticky and doesn't tear easily.

Note: if the dough is too dry, add a little beef broth.

Then, place the dough ball on wet fabric, sprinkle the sauce-pan's bottom with flour, and place the dough ball back onto the sauce-pan.

Cover the sauce-pan, and set in a warm place for about 1 hour.

Take the dough out, divide it into 2 parts (1 part is for the kulebyaka's decorations).

Roll the main part of the dough very thinly into an oval shape. Place it over a large piece of wet fabric.

Cover the middle with 1 large crepe, and place the first filling over the crepe.

Note: All fillings should be cooled.

Cover with second filling, and put the second crepe over it.

Continue with the other fillings, and cover them with crepes.

Then, tightly connect the edges of the dough lengwise along the top.

Sprinkle a baking sheet with the butter, and flip the kulebyaka onto it.
The connected parts of the dough should be the bottom of a kulebyaka.

Pre-heat an oven to 400-420 F (200-220 C).

Roll the dough planned for decorations into thin strips, and decorate the pie.

Set the kulebyaka aside for 15 minutes (cover it with a clean fabric).

Whip the eggs, and smear the pie's top and sides. Pierce the top lightly with a fork.

Bake to readiness.

To check if it's ready, use a thin wooden stick to pierce the pie, if it is clear afterwards, the kulebyaka is ready.

Take it out of the oven, cover with a clean towel, and let sit for about 20 minutes.

Then, cut and serve.

Note: turn the baking sheet if it's not baking evenly.
Cover the top with foil if it starts to burn.

Filling for kulebyaka:
Cabbage and Eggs

Ingredients:

3 lb shredded green cabbage
1 tbsp salt
¼ G (1 L) boiling water
2 hard-boiled eggs, peeled and chopped
1 tbsp cleared butter (ghee)

Method for making filling:

Press the shredded cabbage with salt, until the cabbage gives off juice, let sit for 15 minutes, then wash with cold water, and drain.

Put the cabbage in boiling water, and bring to boil.

Place it in a colander, and pour cold water over it. Drain.

Preheat a skillet with the cleared butter, put the cabbage onto the skillet, and stir-fry until the cabbage turns soft.

Put it in a deep dish, and let cool, then stir well with cold chopped eggs.

The filling is ready.

Other traditional fillings are boiled fish-viziga-rice-green onions, ground boiled meat-chopped eggs-rice-chopped onions, boiled salmon-fried onions-boiled buckwheat, and also many others.

Open Fish Pie

Submitted by Nobility_Cuisine on Sat, 10/27/2012 - 13:35.

Ingredients:

1-2 rainbow trout
1-2 cup wheat flour
1-2 cup rye flour
Pinch of spices on your taste
1 tbsp vegetable oil
Water

1 tbsp butter
1 tbsp honey
1 tbsp lemon juice

Method:

Clean the fish: remove the fins and innards.
Peel the scales, then wash and drain it.

Grate the spices, and sprinkle the fish with the mix inside and outside.

Put the greens stalks inside the fish.

Knead the dough, adding enough water to avoid sticking.

Divide the dough into 2 equal parts.

Let them sit at room temperature for 10 minutes, or more.

Then, roll each one into a thin oval-shaped piece.

Put the fish on the dough lengthwise, on a middle.

Pinch the dough at head and tail but not in the middle.

You should still see the side of the fish.
Do the same with the other fish.

Pre-heat an oven to 200 C (400 F).

Sprinkle the baking sheet with 1 tbsp vegetable oil, place the pies on it.

Take a small saucepan, put 1 tbsp butter in it, add 1 tbsp honey, and start heating on small heating.

Add 2 tbsp lemon juice, stir well, and boil until the volume decreases to twice as much.

Then, sprinkle the fish in both pies with this sauce thoroughly.

Bake pies for about 20-25 minutes.

If you make 1 large pie with the same ingredients but just 1 large dish, bake for up to 40 minutes.

Chop the greens.

Sprinkle the pies with greens, and serve hot.

Honey Rolls with Walnuts and dried Apricots

Submitted by Nobility_Cuisine on Sat, 10/20/2012 - 14:27.

Ingredients:

2 cup flour
3 tbsp sugar
2 eggs
2 tbsp vegetable oil
2 tbsp honey
Vanilla sugar on taste

For stuffing:

1 cup peeled walnuts
2 tbsp honey
3.5oz (100 g) dried apricots

Method:

Grate the dried apricots and walnuts together.
Add the honey, and stir well.

Then, make a dough: stir the eggs and sugar, add the honey, flour, vegetable oil, vanilla sugar, and knead the thick dough.

Roll it to a rectangle (5 mm thick, or 1/6”).
Cut the rectangle to pieces with sides 2”x4”x2”x4”.
Put 1-2 tbsp of stuffing on the middle of each dough piece, then roll.

Pre-heat an oven to 180 C (380 F).

Whip 1 egg, and glaze every roll with the whipped egg.

Cover a baking sheet with a piece if wax paper.

Place the rolls on it, put in the oven.

Bake for about 15-20 minutes.

Serve hot or cold.

Quick Pies

Submitted by Russian_Cuisine on Sat, 10/13/2012 - 13:35.

Ingredients for the dough:

1 cup kefir

0.5 cup vegetable oil

3 cup flour

1 tsp salt

1 tbsp sugar

1 yeast pack dissolved in 2 tbsp warm water

Method:

Warm the kefir and vegetable oil, pour the salt and sugar in, and stir.

Add the flour and yeast.

Knead dough.

Let sit for about 30 minutes at room temperature.

Divide into 20-30 equal pieces, roll each one and stuff it.

For stuffing, use one of hundreds of pies stuffing variations: simmered cabbage with chopped hardboiled eggs, rice-egg-green onions mix, potato-mushrooms-onions mix, etc.

Bake in a pre-heated to 400 F (200 C) for about 15 minutes.

Serve got or cold.

Quick Closed Fish Pie

Submitted by Nobility_Cuisine on Sat, 09/08/2012 - 17:07.

Ingredients:

3 eggs

8 oz (250 g) mayonnaise

8 oz (250 g) sour cream

1 cup flour

½ tsp baking soda

For Stuffing:

1 lb boiled or baked fish fillets on your taste

1 large onion, peeled and stir-fried with 1 tbsp vegetable oil

3.5 oz (100 g) ground cheese

Method:

Knead the dough made from all of the dough ingredients.

Pour half of the dough into a baking dish.

Note: the dough should have pancake consistency.

Pre-heat an oven to 380 F (180 C).

Slice the fish fillet into thin pieces, and place them on the circle to cover the entire surface.

Put the stir-fried onions evenly in the middle of the pie.

Pour the second half of the dough in to cover the fish and onions.

Sprinkle with ground cheese evenly, and set into the oven for about 25 – 30 minutes, or until the top turns to a golden crust.

Take out of the baking dish immediately or the bottom becomes wet.

Slice, and serve.

Perepecha (Udmurt dish)

Submitted by Russian_Cuisine on Sat, 09/08/2012 - 16:57.

Ingredients:

1 cup Rye flour
1-2 egg yolks
½ cup milk, or sour cream, or broth

Additional optional listed below

Method:

Knead dough from the rye flour, egg yolks, and milk, then roll it into a ball, cover it, and let sit for 1-2 hours (depending on the flour) at room temperature.

Shape short “cups” from the dough, poke the bottoms, and bake them until they turn golden colored, after approximately 12 minutes in an oven pre-heated to 200 C (400 F).

Do not turn the oven off!

Options for stuffing:

Chopped boiled eggs

Chopped boiled potatoes

Simmered shredded cabbage

Fried meat crumbs

Fried sliced mushrooms,

Tvorog

Berries

Or the following combinations;

2 -5 eggs

1/2 - 1 cup milk

Pinch of salt

Whip the egg yolks with milk. Whip the egg whites.

Stir the whipped ingredients.

Put the portions of stuffing into the baked “cups”, then pour in portions of whipped milk with eggs.

Bake for about 7 minutes, or until the tops turns gold colored.

Serve immediately.

Note: You can substitute half of the rye flour with wheat flour.

Tartlets with Red Caviar

Submitted by Nobility_Cuisine on Sat, 08/18/2012 - 16:40.

Ingredients:

7 oz (200 g) butter
2 cups flour
1 tsp sugar
6 eggs
7 oz (200 g) red caviar
5 - 7 stalks dill
2 tbsp sour cream-chopped
1 tbsp mustard
2 oz (50 g) ground cheese

Method:

In a deep dish, mix the flour, sugar, and salt.

Press the middle of it down, and pour the egg in.

Warm the butter, put it over the flour, and knead a dough.

Then, form a ball from the dough, roll it in plastic wrap, and refrigerate for 1 hour.

Then, roll the dough thinly.

Sprinkle the baking dishes for tartlets with any convenient oil (vegatble oil or melted butter or margarine) evenly.

Cover each dish with a piece of the dough, press dough into the bottom and sides of the baking shape, and remove excess dough.

Poke the dough through with a fork.

Pre-heat an oven to 400 F (200 C), and bake the tartlets for about 20 minutes.

Take them out of the baking dishes, and let them cool.

Meanwhile, boil 4 eggs to hard-boiled, peel them, and cut into halves.

Stir 2 egg yolks with ground cheese, mustard, and 1 tbsp sour cream thoroughly.

Squeeze this mix into the tartlets and into egg white halves.

Then, insert the stuffed egg whites into the tartlets.

Grate 2 hardboiled eggs, mix with the sour cream, chopped dill, and caviar, and squeeze into the tartlets.

Unsweetened Walnut-Tomato Cookies

Submitted by Nobility_Cuisine on Sat, 08/04/2012 - 16:02.

Ingredients:

1 cup flour
1/3 cup ground walnuts
2.9 oz (80 g) butter (or margarine)
1.5 tsp baking powder
2/3 tsp salt
1/2 tsp sugar
6-8 tbsp tomato sauce, hot, medium, or mild
2 tbsp sesame seeds, fried
2 tbsp mixed dry greens (dill, parsley, chopped green onions)

Method:

Mix the walnuts, flour, baking powder, salt, sugar, and ground black pepper together.

Stir the butter into the mix, to get small oily crumbs.

Add the greens, and stir well.

Add the tomato sauce by the tablespoonful, kneading the dough thoroughly after each tablespoon.

When you can roll the dough into a mild non-sticky ball, stop adding tomato sauce.

Note:

The quantity tomato sauce added depends on the sauce's thickness (3-4 tbsp if thin, 5-6 tbsp if thick).

Cover a baking sheet with parchment paper, and roll the dough on the paper into a 0.1” (3-4 mm) thick layer.

Coat the dough layer with tomato sauce, sprinkle with sesame seeds, and cut into cookies.

Try to use all the dough!

Pre-heat an oven to 390 – 430 F (200-220 C), and bake the cookies on the sheet for about 15-17 minutes.

Note:

Cookies that aren't sweet are as popular in Russia as sweet ones.

This recipe is from 19th century when tomatoes were very popular already.